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Matrix Multiplication




 
In these lessons, we will learn how to perform matrix multiplication.

Related Topics:
More Lessons on Matrices

We will illustrate matrix multiplication or matrix product by the following example.

Example:

Find C = A × B

Solution:

Step 1 : Multiply the elements in the first row of A with the corresponding elements in the first column of B. Add the products to get the element C 11


Showing Step 1 in detail:

Step 2 : Multiply the elements in the first row of A with the corresponding elements in the second column of B. Add the products to get the element C 12

Step 3 : Multiply the elements in the second row of A with the corresponding elements in the first column of B. Add the products to get the element C 21

Step 4 : Multiply the elements in the second row of A with the corresponding elements in the second column of B. Add the products to get the element C 22




Matrices that can or cannot be Multiplied

Not all matrices can be multiplied together.

For example, the product of A and B is not defined.

We cannot multiply A and B because there are 3 elements in the row to be multiplied with 2 elements in the column

This means that we can only multiply two matrices if the number of columns in the first matrix is equal to the number of rows in the second matrix.

An easy method to determine whether two matrices can be multiplied together would be to check the order of the matrices.


Can we multiply matrix A and matrix C?


We can also know the order of the product.


Working it out we can see that


Checking the orders of the matrices will also help you to make sure that you multiplied the elements in the correct way.

Take note that matrix multiplication is not commutative that is

A × B ≠ B × A



 

Videos

Multiplying Matrices
Two examples of multiplying a matrix by another matrix are shown
Multiplying Matrices - Example 2. This video shows how to multiply a 2 x 3 matrix by a 3 x 1 matrix.


Multiplying Matrices - Example 3. This video shows how to multiply a 2 x 3 matrix by a 3 x 2 matrix.
The following video shows another example of matrix multiplication.


 
Matrix Multiplication
How to multiply matrices.

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the Mathway widget, a free math problem solver that answers your questions with step-by-step explanations.


You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.


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