In these lessons, we will learn

A matrix consists of a set of numbers arranged in rows and columns enclosed in brackets.

The**dimensions or order of a matrix **gives the number of rows followed by the number of columns in a matrix. The order of a matrix with 3 rows and 2 columns is 3 × 2 or 3 by 2.
### Elements In An Array

*a*_{13} = 5, *a*_{21} = 7, *a*_{22} = 8, *a*_{23} = 9

### Video

Properties of Matrices

The basics of a matrix. Looking at rows, columns, elements and dimension.

A matrix is a rectangular arrangement composed of row, columns and elements.

The dimensions of the matrix are determined by the number of rows and columns.
This video explains how to determine the dimension of a matrix and why it is important to be able to identify the dimensions of a matrix.

1. The dimension of a matrix must be known to identify a specific element in the matrix.

2. To add matrices, the dimensions must be the same.

3. To multiply matrices the number of columns in the first matrix must be the same number of rows in the second matrix.

The following video examines how to state the dimensions of a matrix.
Introduction to matrices

What a matrix is. How to add and subtract them.

You can use the free Mathway widget below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

- what is a matrix?
- rows and columns of a matrix
- dimensions (or order) of a matrix
- elements of a matrix

A matrix consists of a set of numbers arranged in rows and columns enclosed in brackets.

The

We usually denote a matrix by a capital letter.

C is a matrix of order 2 × 4 (read as ‘2 by 4’)

Each number in the array is called an **entry** or an **element **of the matrix. When we need to read out the elements of an array, we read it out row by row.

Each element is defined by its position in the matrix.

In a matrix A, an element in row *i* and column *j* is represented by *a _{ij}*

* Example: *

*a*_{11} (read as ‘*a* one one ’)= 2 (first row, first column)

*a*_{12} (read as ‘*a* one two') = 4 (first row, second column)

The basics of a matrix. Looking at rows, columns, elements and dimension.

A matrix is a rectangular arrangement composed of row, columns and elements.

The dimensions of the matrix are determined by the number of rows and columns.

1. The dimension of a matrix must be known to identify a specific element in the matrix.

2. To add matrices, the dimensions must be the same.

3. To multiply matrices the number of columns in the first matrix must be the same number of rows in the second matrix.

What a matrix is. How to add and subtract them.

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the **Mathway** widget, a free math problem solver that **answers your questions with step-by-step explanations**.

You can use the free Mathway widget below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.

We welcome your feedback, comments and questions about this site or page. Please submit your feedback or enquiries via our Feedback page.