11. Correct answer: (B)
The rectangle ABCD is made up of 7 non-overlapping rectangles
The 2 smallest rectangles have the same area
Each of the other rectangles has twice the area of the next smaller rectangle
The area of the shaded rectangle is what fraction of the area of the rectangle ABCD
Topic(s): Area of rectangle
Fill up the rectangle, each time reducing the area by half.
12. Correct answer: (B)
2x < y < 0
The answer that is the greatest value
Topic(s): Signed operations
We can choose any values for x and y that is true for the inequality.
2x < y < 0
Choose y = – 1 and x = – 2.
Test each of the answers. Be careful about the signed operations.
(A) –2x = –2 (–2) = 4
(B) – (2x + y) = – (2(–2) + (–1)) = – (–4 + (–1)) = – (–4 – 1)
= – (–5) = 5
(C) 2x = 2(–2) = – 4
(E) –y = –(–1) = 1
The greatest value is (B) 5
Answer: (B) 5
13. Correct answer: (C)
n packages on Monday
4 times as many on Tuesday as on Monday
3 more packages on Wednesday than on Monday
The average number of packages delivered per day over the 3 days
Given n = Mon
Then, 4n = Tues
n + 3 = Wed
Answer: (C) 2n + 1
14. Correct answer: (E)
The answers that must be true
Topic(s): Exponents, difference of two squares, distributive rule
Square both sides of the equation.
Recognize that it is a difference of two squares or use the distributive rule.
15. Correct answer: (E)
y = x2
y = a – x2
PQ = 6
The value of a
Topic(s): Coordinate geometry
The two graphs are symmetrical about the y-axis.
If PQ = 6,then the point Q is units from the y-axis.
This means that the x-coordinate of point Q is 3.
The y-coordinate of Q can be obtained by substituting x = 3 into the equation y = x 2.
y = x2 = 32 = 9
Point Q is (3, 9).
Point Q also belongs to the graph y = a – x 2.
Substituting x = 3 and y = 9 into y = a – x 2.
9 = a – 32
a = 9 + 9 = 18
Answer: (E) 18
16. Correct answer: (D)
Set X has x members
Set Y has y members
Set Z has all members that are either in set X or set Y with the exception of k common members
The expression that represents the number of members in set Z
Number of members in set X excluding k is x – k.
Number of members in set Y excluding k is y – k.
Number of members in set Z = x – k + y – k = x + y – 2k
Answer: (D) x + y – 2k
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