Example:
The cost of tickets for a play is $3.00 for adults and $2.00 for children. 350 tickets were sold and $950 was collected. How many tickets of each type were sold?
Solution:
Step 1: Set up a table with quantity and value.

quantity 
value 
total 
$3 tickets 

$2 tickets 

together 
Step 2: Fill in the table with information from the question.
The cost of tickets for a play is $3.00 for adults and $2.00 for children. 350 tickets were sold and $950 was collected. How many tickets of each type were sold?
Let  x =  number of $3 tickets 
y =  number of $2 tickets  
Total =  quantity × value 

quantity 
value 
total 
$3 tickets 
x 
3 
3x 
$2 tickets 
y 
2 
2y 
together 
350 
950 
Step 3: Add down each column to get the equations
x + y = 350 (equation 1)
3x + 2y = 950 (equation 2)
Use Substitution Method
Isolate variable x in equation 1
x = 350 – y (equation 3)
Substitute equation 3 into equation 2
3(350 – y) + 2y = 950
1050 – 3y + 2y = 950
3y – 2y = 1050 – 950
y = 100
Substitute y = 100 into equation 1
x + 100 = 350
x = 250
Answer: 250 $3 tickets and 100 $2 tickets were sold.
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