Superlative Adjectives



We use comparative adjectives to describe and compare two nouns or pronouns.
We use superlative adjectives to describe and compare three or more nouns or pronouns.

In this lesson, we will learn how to form and use superlative adjectives.

Related Topics:
Comparative Adjectives

More English Lessons

Rules for Superlative Adjectives

Rule 1: When an adjective consists of one syllable add est to the end to make it a superlative adjective.

Examples:

 

Comparative

Superlative

clean

cleaner

cleanest

dark

darker

darkest

thick

thicker

thickest

soft

softer

softest

warm

warmer

warmest

neat

neater

neatest

broad

broader

broadest

tall

taller

tallest

old

older

oldest





Exception to Rule 1: If the one syllable adjective ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant we need to double the last consonant before adding the est. However, if the last consonant is a w then we follow rule 1 instead.

Examples:

 

Comparative

Superlative

big

bigger

biggest

dim

dimmer

dimmest

fat

fatter

fattest

fit

fitter

fittest

flat

flatter

flattest

few

fewer

fewest

slow

slower

slowest

low

lower

lowest





Rule 2: When a two syllable adjective ends with y we need to replace the y with an i and then add the est.

Examples:

 

Comparative

Superlative

busy

busier

busiest

dirty

dirtier

dirtiest

easy

easier

easiest

funny

funnier

funniest

noisy

noisier

noisiest

happy

happier

happiest

heavy

heavier

heaviest

lovely

lovelier

loveliest





Rule 3: For an adjective with two or more syllabus (that does not end with y), we use add the word most or least in front of the adjective.

Examples:

 

Comparative

Superlative

active

more active, less active

most active, least active

careless

more careless. less careless

most careless. least careless

famous

more famous. Less famous

most famous. least famous

cheerful

more cheerful, less cheerful

most cheerful, least cheerful

beautiful

more beautiful, less beautiful

most beautiful, least beautiful

generous

more generous, less generous

most generous, least generous

intelligent

more intelligent, less intelligent

most intelligent, least intelligent

valuable

more valuable, less valuable

most valuable, least valuable

 

Exceptions: There are some adjectives that have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

Examples:

 

Comparative

Superlative

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

many

more

most

much

more

most

little

less

least

far

farther

farthest





Adjectives – Degrees of Comparisons.
An animated story about adjectives and degree of comparisons.

The following video gives a basic explanation on how to form and use superlative adjectives.







This is a grammar lesson on superlative adjectives.
It covers comparison of 3 or more people or things.

This video focuses on exceptions to the regular grammatical rules.







This video explains comparative and superlative adjectives in English.



Comparative and superlative adjectives song







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