Right Triangles, Acute Triangles and Obtuse Triangles



In this lesson, we will learn how to classify triangles by their angles: Right Triangles, Acute Triangles, Obtuse Triangles.
We can also classify triangles by the lengths of their sides.

Related Topics:
Classify Triangles by length of sides

More about Triangles

Triangles classified by their angles

Triangles are polygons that have three sides, three vertices and three angles. One way to classify triangles is by the measure of their angles.

Right Triangles

A right triangle is a triangle where one of its angles is a right angle (i.e. 90°). The other two angles are acute angles.

You may have noticed that the side opposite the right angle is always the triangle's longest side. It is called the hypotenuse of the triangle. The other two sides are called the legs.

Right triangles are used in many branches of mathematics. For example, in trigonometry and also in the Pythagorean Theorem. The lengths of the sides of a right triangle are related by the Pythagorean Theorem. There are also special right triangles where the sides are of certain fixed ratios.

right triangle

A right triangle can be isosceles if the two legs are equal in length. A right isosceles triangle will have a 90º angle and two 45º angles.

A right triangle can not be equilateral because the hypotenuse must always be longer than the legs.

Acute Triangles

An acute triangle is a triangle whose angles are all acute (i.e. less than 90°).

In the acute triangle shown below, a, b and c are all acute angles.

 

acute triangle

An equilateral triangle is always an acute triangle since all its angles are 60° which are acute angles.

Obtuse Triangles

An obtuse triangle has one obtuse angle (i.e. greater than 90º). The longest side is always opposite the obtuse angle. In the obtuse triangle shown below, a is the obtuse angle.

obtuse triangle

Since the sum of all the angles in a triangle is 180º, only one angle in the triangle can be an obtuse angle , the other two angles must be acute angles.



In this video we discover the six ways to classify trangles, both based on the measure of their side lengths and by the measure of their angles.



The following video illustrates the differences between the acute triangle, the right triangle and the obtuse triangle.





How to classify triangles - acute, obtuse, right



The Three Types of Triangles (Based on What Kinds of Angles They Have)







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