A right triangle is a triangle where one of its angles is a right angle (i.e. 90°). The other two angles are acute angles.
You may have noticed that the side opposite the right angle is always the triangle's longest side. It is called the hypotenuseof the triangle. The other two sides are called the legs.
Right triangles are used in many branches of mathematics. For example, in trigonometry and also in the Pythagorean Theorem. The lengths of the sides of a right triangle are related by the Pythagorean Theorem. There are also special right triangles where the sides are of certain fixed ratios.
A right triangle can be isosceles if the two legs are equal in length. A right isosceles triangle will have a 90º angle and two 45º angles.
A right triangle can not be equilateral because the hypotenuse must always be longer than the legs.
An acute triangle is a triangle whose angles are all acute (i.e. less than 90°).
In the acute triangle shown below, a, b and c are all acute angles.
An equilateral triangle is always an acute triangle since all its angles are 60° which are acute angles.
An obtuse triangle has one obtuse angle (i.e. greater than 90°). The longest side is always opposite the obtuse angle. In the obtuse triangle shown below, a is the obtuse angle.
Since the sum of all the angles in a triangle is 180º, only one angle in the triangle can be an obtuse angle , the other two angles must be acute angles.
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