Present Participle

Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action happens.

In this lesson, we will learn

  • how to form the present participle?
  • when to use the present participle?
  • some spelling rules for the present participle
  • some examples of present particles used as adjectives
  • the differences between the past tense, past participle and present participle

Related Topics:
More Lessons on English Grammar

IELTS, TOEFL and English as a Second Language

How to form the present participle?

We form the present participle by adding ing to the verb.

Examples:

learn + ing = learning
sing + ing = singing
read + ing = reading

 

When can we use the present participle?

We can use the present participle with the auxiliary verb to be to form the continuous tense.

Examples:

I am singing at the concert. (present continuous tense)
I was singing at the concert. (past continuous tense)
I will be singing at the concert. (future continuous tense)

We can use the present partciple to form the perfect continuous tense.

Examples:

I have been working. (present perfect continuous)
I had been working. (past perfect continuous)
I will have been working. (future perfect continuous)

Present participles can also form adjectives.

Examples:

I can hear the bouncing ball.
These are his jogging shoes.

Spelling Rules for the present participle

If the verb has one syllable, one vowel and ends with a consonant, double the last letter before adding ing.

Examples:

Verb

Present Participle

get

getting

hit

hitting

jog

jogging

nod

nodding

rob

robbing

swim

swimming

stop

stopping

top

topping



If a verb ends with a single l, it is doubled in British English but not in American English.

Examples:

Verb

Present Participle

chase

chasing

cycle

cycling

drive

driving

ride

riding

rise

rising

shake

shaking

shave

shaving

smile

smiling

take

taking

wave

waving


Verb

Present Participle

British

dial

dialling

travel

travelling

American

dial

dialing

travel

traveling


Videos

This video shows some examples of present particles used as adjectives.

The following video compares the past tense, past participle and present participle.





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