In this lesson, we will learn
A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. The relationships include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount.
A preposition always goes with a noun or pronoun which is called the object of the preposition. The preposition is almost always before the noun or pronoun. The preposition and the object of the preposition together are called a prepositional phrase.
I walked to the car. (preposition – to, object of the proposition – car, prepositional phrase – to the car)
I walked around the car. (preposition – around, object of the proposition – car, prepositional phrase – around the car)
The pen is on the table. (preposition – on, object of the proposition – table, prepositional phrase – on the table)
I read the book during class. (preposition – during, object of the proposition – class, prepositional phrase – during class)
Some of the commonly used propositions are:
|among||but (meaning except)||like|
For a full list of 150 prepositions, including one-word and complex prepositions, with 370 example sentences, try the English Club ebook English Prepositions Listed.
The preposition in is used for
|Centuries||in the 19th century|
|Long Periods||in the mornings|
The proposition at is used for
|A precise time||at 7.00 a.m.|
|The weekend||at the weekend|
|Festive Periods||at Christmas|
The preposition on is used for
|Special Days||on my birthday|
|Days of the Week||on Tuesday|
|Dates||on the 24th of December|
Examples:There is NO preposition of time if the day/year has each, every, last, next before it.
in the past
in the future
a specific location or point in space
at the door
a horizontal or vertical surface
on the table
in New York
A preposition is followed by a noun, pronoun or noun phrase, which forms the object of the preposition.
Some words can be a proposition or an adverb, but an adverb does not have an object.
I walked up the stairs. (up is the proposition and stairs is the object)
I walked up. (up is the adverb and there is no object)
Many students have problems with prepositions in English. The following video explains how three prepositions -- 'at', 'on', and 'in' – are used in relation to time.
There is no preposition of time if the day/year has each, every, last, next before it.
Prepositions of location and direction Part 1: At, In, On
Part 3: Prepositions of Direction. Difference between Prepositions and Adverbs
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