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Irregular Verbs




 
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In this lesson, we will learn

  • how to form simple past tense for irregular verbs
  • how to pronounce and spell the past tense of irregular verbs


We use the simple past tense to talk about things that happened in the past. For most verbs, the simple past tense is created by adding a d, ed or ied at the end of the word. These are called regular verbs.

The simple past tense of some verbs do not end in ed. Such verbs are called irregular verbs. Since they are irregular, they do not follow any pattern and the best way to learn them would be to repeat and memorize them.

Usually we will try to remember the base form (infinitive), past tense and past participle.

Examples:

They go to the movies every weekend. (go - base form)
They went to the movie yesterday. (went - past tense)
They have gone to the movies. (gone - past participle)

The following is a list of commonly used irregular verbs. (Check out the videos below for more irregular verbs.)

Base Form

Past Tense

Past Participle

arise

arose

arisen

awake

awoke

awoken

be

was, were

been

bear

bore

born/borne

beat

beat

beaten

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

behold

beheld

beheld

bend

bent

bent

bet

bet

bet

bid

bade

bidden

bid

bid

bid

bind

bound

bound

bite

bit

bitten

bleed

bled

bled

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

breed

bred

bred

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

burst

burst

burst

bust

bust

bust

buy

bought

bought

cast

cast

cast

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

clap

clapped

clapped

cling

clung

clung

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

creep

crept

crept

cut

cut

cut

dare

dared

dared

deal

dealt

dealt

dig

dug

dug

dive

dived

dived

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

dream

dreamt

dreamt

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

dwell

dwelt

dwelt

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

flee

fled

fled

fling

flung

flung

fly

flew

flown

forbid

forbade

forbidden

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

foretell

foretold

foretold

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

forsake

forsook

forsaken

freeze

froze

frozen

frostbite

frostbit

frostbitten

get

got

gotten

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

go

went

gone/been

grind

ground

ground

grow

grew

grown

handwrite

handwrote

handwritten

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

inlay

inlaid

inlaid

input

input

input

interlay

interlaid

interlaid

keep

kept

kept

kneel

knelt

knelt

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

learn

learnt

learnt

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lie

lay

lain

light

lit

lit

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

quit

quit

quit

read

read

read

ride

rode

ridden

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

shake

shook

shaken

shine

shone

shone

sing

sang

sung

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

spring

sprang

sprung

stand

stood

stood

steal

stole

stolen

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung

swung

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

win

won

won

write

wrote

written




Videos

This video will help students of English learn the past and present tense forms of many irregular verbs.

This video shows irregular verbs in the simple form, the past tense, and as past participles. It will help you remember how these verbs change. It might also help with pronunciation.


 
This video is designed to help you learn the most frequently used English irregular verbs. You can practice the pronunciation while memorizing them. (Part 1)
This video is designed to help you learn English irregular verbs. You can practice the pronunciation while memorizing them. (Part 2)


This video is designed to help you learn English irregular verbs. You can practice the pronunciation while memorizing them. (Part 3)
This video is designed to help you learn English irregular verbs. You can practice the pronunciation while memorizing them. (Part 4)


 

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the Mathway widget, a free math problem solver that answers your questions with step-by-step explanations.


You can use the free Mathway widget below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.


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