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Identity Matrices




 
In these lessons, we will learn about the identity matrix and inverse matrices.

We also have a matrix calculator that will help you to find the inverse of a 3x3 matrix. Use it to check your answers.

Related Topics:
More Lessons on Matrices

A square matrix, I is an identity matrix if the product of I and any square matrix A is A.
IA = AI = A

For a 2 × 2 matrix, the identity matrix for multiplication is

When we multiply a matrix with the identity matrix, the original matrix is unchanged.

If the product of two square matrices, P and Q, is the identity matrix then Q is an inverse matrix of P and P is the inverse matrix of Q. (i.e. PQ = QP = I)

The inverse matrix of A is denoted by A -1. (read as “A inverse”)

AA-1 = A-1A = I

Note that the inverse of A-1 is A.




Example:

Given that B is the inverse of A, find the values of x and y.

Solution:

AB =

Since B is an inverse of A, we know that AB = I

matrix identity 

1 – 2y = 1
2y = 0
y = 0

2x = 1
x =


The following video explains more about identity matrix and inverse matrix.


 
The Identity Matrix
This video introduces the identity matrix and illustrates the properties of the identity matrix.
Determining a 2x2 Inverse Matrix Using a Formula
This video explains the formula used to determine the inverse of a 2x2 matrix, if one exists.


This video explains how to find the inverse of a 2x2 matrix using the inverse formula.
This matrix calculator will help you find the inverse of a 3x3 matrix.


 

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the Mathway widget, a free math problem solver that answers your questions with step-by-step explanations.


You can use the free Mathway widget below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.


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