Geometry and Probability



In this lesson, we will learn how to solve probabilty problems that may involve geometry and the area of geometrical shapes.

Related Topics: More Probability Lessons

Example:

ABCD is a square. M is the midpoint of BC and N is the midpoint of CD. A point is selected at random in the square. Calculate the probability that it lies in the triangle MCN.

Solution:

Let 2x be the length of the square.

Area of square = 2x × 2x = 4x2





Example:

The figure shows a circle with centre O and radius 8 cm. Ð BOD = 72˚. The radius of the smaller circle is 4 cm. A point is selected at random inside the larger circle BCDE.


Calculate the probability that the point lies
a) inside the sector BODC.
b) inside the smaller circle
c) neither in the sector BODC nor in the smaller circle.

Solution:

a)

Area of sector BODC = × area of the large circle

Probability that the point lies in sector BODC =

b)

Area of smaller circle = × area of the large circle

Probability that the point lies in the smaller circle =

c) Probability that the point does not lie in sector BODC or the smaller circle

probability



Geometric Probability with Area
Example 1: A circle with radius 2 lies inside a square with side length 6. A dart lands randomly inside the square. What is the probability the dart lands inside the circle? Give the exact probability and the probability as a percent rounded to the nearest tenth.
Exampe 2: A point is chosen at randon on the given figure. What is the probability that the point is in the yellow region?
Example 3: A square is inscribed in a circle. What is the probability that a point chosen inside the circle will be inside the square?
Example 4: A circle is inscribed in a equilateral triangle. What is the probability that a point chosen at random inside the triangle will be insode the circle?



Using Area to find Probability
A circle is inscribed in a square. Point Q in the square is chosen at random. What is the probability that Q lies in the shaded region?





Geometric Probability and Areas of Sectors



Study Guide Area Probability Problem 1





Study Guide Area Probability Problem 2



Geometric Probability







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