Midpoints, Lines and Planes
More Lessons for High School Geometry
A series of free, online High School Geometry Video Lessons and solutions.
Videos, worksheets, and activities to help Geometry students.
In this lesson, we will learn
- midpoints and congruent segments
- finding the midpoint using the midpoint formula
- parallel planes and lines
- vertex and diagonals
Midpoints and Congruent Segments
When learning about midpoints, it is also important to understand the concept of congruent segments. Congruent line segments are line segments with the same length. In a line segment, there is one point that will bisect the line segment into two congruent line segments. This point is called the midpoint.
How to identify, define and label a midpoint.
Finding the Midpoint
By using x and y coordinates, it is easy to find the midpoint of a line segment. Finding the midpoint is calculated by taking the average of the x coordinates and then taking the average of the y coordinates. For example, if we had two coordinates located at (1,3) and (5, 7) our midpoint would be (3, 5).
How to find the midpoint of a segment with endpoints in rectangular coordinates
How to write the midpoint formula.
The Midpoint Formula - Finding the Midpoint
Parallel Planes and Lines
In Geometry, a plane is any flat, two-dimensional surface. Two planes that do not intersect are said to be parallel. Parallel planes are found in shapes like cubes, which actually has three sets of parallel planes. The two planes on opposite sides of a cube are parallel to one another.
How to identify parallel lines, a line parallel to a plane, and two parallel planes.
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines and Planes
Vertices, diagonals, and sides
The plural forms of vertex, vertices are typically intersections or corners in figures. In an angle, the vertex is where two lines, rays, or segments meet. A diagonal is a line segment whose endpoints are vertices. In a polygon, a vertex is where two edges or sides meet. In a polyhedron, a vertex is where three edges meet.
How the vocabulary word vertex applies to different objects in Geometry.
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