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Geometric Constructions





 
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More Lessons for High School Geometry

More Lessons for Geometry

Math Worksheets

A series of free, online High School Geometry Video Lessons and solutions.
Videos, worksheets, and activities to help Geometry students.

In these lessons, we will learn

  • how to define and construct an angle bisector
  • how to define and construct parallel lines
  • how to define and construct the altitude of a triangle
  • how to define and construct the median of a triangle

Construct an Angle Bisector

An angle is formed by two rays with a common endpoint. The angle bisector is a ray or line segment that bisects the angle, creating two congruent angles. To construct an angle bisector you need a compass and straightedge. Bisectors are very important in identifying corresponding parts of similar triangles and in solving proofs.
How to define and construct an angle bisector.
This video shows how to bisect an acute angle with a compass and straight edge. The process is the same for an obtuse angle.



Constructing Parallel Lines

Constructing parallel lines with a compass and straightedge uses the converse of the parallel lines theorem. Creating congruent corresponding angles (or congruent AIA or AEA) guarantees parallel lines. The first step in constructing parallel lines is to draw a transversal through the given point to intersect the given line. Last, duplicate an angle created by the transversal and the given line.
using compass and straightedge to construct parallel lines
Instructions on how to construct a line parallel to a given line through a given point.


 

Constructing Triangle Altitude

Altitudes are defined as perpendicular line segments from the vertex to the line containing the opposite side. In each triangle, there are three triangle altitudes, one from each vertex. In an acute triangle, all altitudes lie within the triangle. In a right triangle, the altitude for two of the vertices are the sides of the triangle. In an obtuse triangle, the altitude from the largest angle is outside of the triangle.

Using a compass and a straight edge to create the altitude of a triangle that lies inside the triangle.
Using a straight edge and a compass to construct an altitude outside of the triangle.


Constructing a Median

A median is a line segment from the vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side in a triangle. In every type of triangle, the median will be contained within the polygon, unlike altitudes which can lie outside the triangle. When constructing a median, we first find the midpoint of the side opposite the desired vertex, then use a straightedge to connect the midpoint and the vertex.

How to define a median in a triangle.
This video will show you how to construct a midpoint using a compass. It will show you how to construct the three medians of an acute triangle.
Using a straight edge and compass constructing a median of a triangle.


 

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