Video solutions to help Grade 8 students learn how to apply the Fundamental Theorem of Similarity (FTS).

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Common Core For Grade 8

• Students verify the converse of the Fundamental Theorem of Similarity experimentally.

• Students apply the Fundamental Theorem of Similarity to find the location of dilated points on the plane.

Converse of the Fundamental Theorem of Similarity:

If lines PQ and P'Q' are parallel, and |P'Q'| = r|PQ| then from a center O, P'= dilation(P), Q' = dilation(Q),
and |OP'| = r|OP| and |OQ'| = r|OQ|.

To find the coordinates of a dilated point, we must use what we know about FTS, dilation, and scale factor.

Classwork

Concept Development

Discuss the Converse of the Fundamental Theorem of Similarity (FTS)

Exercise

1. In the diagram below, points P and Q have been dilated from center O by scale factor r. PQ || P'Q', |PQ| = 5 cm,
and |P'Q'| = 10 cm.

a. Determine the scale factor r.

b. Locate the center of dilation. Measure the segments to verify that |OP'| = r|OP| and |OQ'| = r|OQ|.

Show your work below.

Example 1

• Now that we know FTS and the converse of FTS in terms of dilations, we will practice using them to find the
coordinates of points and dilated points on a plane. We will begin simply.

• In the diagram we have center O and ray OA. We want to find the coordinates of point A'. We are given that
the scale factor of dilation is r = 2.

• To find A' we could use a ruler or compass to measure |OA|, but now that we know about FTS, we can do this
another way. First, we should look for parallel lines that will help us locate point A'. How can we use the
coordinate plane to ensure parallel lines?

• Let’s use the x-axis as one of our rays. (Show picture below). Where should we place a point, B, on the ray
along the x-axis?

• (Show picture below.) This is beginning to look like the activity we did in Lesson 4. We know that that scale
factor r = 2. Where should we put point B'?

• (Show picture below.) Now that we know the location of B', using FTS, what do we expect to be true about the
lines containing segments AB and A'B'?

• (Show picture below.) Then what is the location of point A'?

• (Show picture below.) Could point A' be located anywhere else? Specifically, could A' have a different y-
coordinate? Why or why not?

• Could point A' be located at another location that has 10 as its x-coordinate? For example, could A' be at (10, 5)? Why or why not?

Exercise 2

2. In the diagram below, you are given center O and ray OA. Point A is dilated by a scale factor r = 4. Use what you
know about FTS to find the location of point A'.

Example 2

• In the diagram we have center O and ray OA. We are given that the scale factor of dilation is r = 11/7. We want
to find the precise coordinates of point A'.

Exercise 3

3. In the diagram below, you are given center O and rays OA and OB. We are given that the scale factor of dilation is r = 5/8.
We want to find the precise coordinates of points A' and B'.