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SAT Practice Test 2, Section 9: Questions 11 - 16




 

This is for SAT in Jan 2016 or before.

The following are worked solutions for the questions in the math sections of the SAT Practice Tests found in the The Official SAT Study Guide Second Edition.




It would be best that you go through the SAT practice test questions in the Study Guide first and then look at the worked solutions for the questions that you might need assistance in. Due to copyright issues, we are not able to reproduce the questions, but we hope that the worked solutions will be helpful.


11. Correct answer: (A)

Given:
g(x) = ax2 + bx + c
a and c are negative constants

To find:
The graph of g

Solution:
g(x) = ax2 + bx + c, where a and c are negative constants.
c is the intercept at the y-axis and it is negative.
This means the graph must cross the y-axis at a negative value.

From the given graphs, only (A) satisfies that condition.

Answer: (A)

12. Correct answer: (B)

Given:
ABCD is a retangle
BC = 4
AB = 6
P, Q and R are points on a line that is parallel to
Points P and Q are symmetric about the line AB
Points Q and R are symmetric about the line CD

To find:
Length of

Solution:


Let the line PQR cross the rectangle at S and T.

Let the length of SQ be x, then the length of QT would be 4 – x.

PQ is symmetric about the line AB. So, the length of PS = SQ = x

QR is symmetric about the line CD. So the length of TR = QT = 4 – x

Length of PR = PS + SQ + QT + TR = x + x + 4 – x + 4 – x = 8

Answer: (B) 8






13. Correct answer: (C)

Given:
Price was first increased by 10%
New price was decreased by 25%

To find:
The final price was what percent of the initial price

Solution:
Topic(s): Percent

Increased by 10% means to multiply by 100% + 10% = 110%
Decreased by 25% means to multiply by 100% – 25% = 75%

Change percent to decimal.

110% × 75% = 1.1 × 0.75 = 0.825 = 82.5%

Answer: (C) 82.5%

 

14. Correct answer: (E)

Given:
The number w is multiplied by 4 and the result is the same as when 4 is added to w

To find:
The value for 3w

Solution:
Topic(s): Translating words to equations

w × 4 = 4 + w ⇒ 4w = 4 + w ⇒ 3w = 4

Answer: (E) 4

 

15 Correct answer: (C)

Given:
Lengths of sides of right triangle are consecutive even integers
Length of shortest side is x

To find:
The equation that can be used to find x

Solution:
Topic(s): Consecutive even numbers, Pythagorean theorem


Being consecutive even numbers we need to add 2 to the previous number. The sides of the triangle would then be x, x + 2 and x + 4.

Using the Pythagorean formula, we get the equation.

x2 + (x + 2)2 = (x + 4)2

Answer: (C) x2 + (x + 2)2 = (x + 4)2

16. Correct answer: (D)

Given:

y > 1

To find:
The statement that is true

Solution:

Answer: (D) I and III only




 

Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the Mathway widget, a free math problem solver that answers your questions with step-by-step explanations.


You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.


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