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Absolute Values




 
Videos, worksheets, and solutions to help Grade 8 students learn about absolute values.

Related Topics:
More Grade 8 Math Lessons
Absolute Value Games
Solving Absolute Value Equations

The absolute value of a number is the distance of the number from zero on the number line. The absolute value of a number is never negative.


Learn what an absolute value is, and how to evaluate it

Explains absolute value in a way that actually makes sense. Using a number line, the concept of absolute value is illustrated through several example.

Math: Absolute Value

The absolute value bars act like a grouping symbol. Perform all the operations in the bar first and then change the sign to positive when necessary.
If there is a negative outside the absolute value bar, it stays there.
Work out the following examples.
Some examples of solving absolute value equations are also shown.
Examples:
1. Evaluate the following:
|-5 + 4|
-|2 - 3|
-|6 + 1|
|-8 + 9|

2. Solve for x
|4 + x| = 8
|-2 + x| = 4
Absolute Value and Evaluating Numbers
Absolute value makes things positive
The first step to simplifying absolute value problems is to simplify inside the absolute value, if possible.
Examples:
|5|
|-5|
|2 - 8|
|-2| - |10|
5|-3| + |-8|2
|3(4 - 8)| - |2(1 + 4)|2
Order of Operations - Absolute Value
The absolute value is like parenthesis. After simplifying what is in the bar, then we make the value positive.
Absolute value is like parenthesis. After evaluating inside then make positive at the end.
Examples:
-3|24 - (5 + 4)2|
2 - 4|32 + (52 - 62)|



How to solve Absolute Value Equations?
The absolute value of a number is its distance from zero on a number line.
The absolute-value principle for equations
For any positive number c and any algebraic expression x:
1. The solutions of |x| = c are those numbers that satisfy x = -c or x = c.
2. The equation |x| = 0 is equivalent to the equation x = 0.
3. The equation |x| = -c has no solution.

To solve an absolute value equation
1. Isolate the absolute value.
2. Set up and solve two equations based upon the absolute value principle.
The solutions of |x| = c are those numbers that satisfy x = -c or x = c.
3. Check your answers.

Examples: Solve the absolute value equations
1. |x| = 6
2. |x + 1| = -2
3. |2x + 3| -3 = 6
4. 2|4x - 2| + 4 = 12

How to solve absolute value equations graphically?
1. Graph the left side of the equation in y1
2. Graph the right side of the equation in y2
3. Determine the points of intersection. 4. The x-coordinates of the points of intersection are the solutions.
Examples: Solve graphically
1. |x + 2| = 5
2. 3|-2x + 1| - 4 = 11
Examples of solving absolute value equations
Examples:
Solve
|x| = 4
|x + 4| = 12
Examples of solving absolute value equations
Examples:
Solve
|2x - 3| = 12
|1 - 3x| = -2


Rotate to landscape screen format on a mobile phone or small tablet to use the Mathway widget, a free math problem solver that answers your questions with step-by-step explanations.


You can use the free Mathway calculator and problem solver below to practice Algebra or other math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your own problem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.


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